ঔষধের ফার্মাকোলোজিক প্রিফিক্স এবং সাফিক্স লিস্ট

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ওষুধের জেনেরিক নাম ওষুধের থেরাপিউটিক ক্লাস নির্ধারণ করে। জেনেরিক নামের আগে ,পরে বা মাঝে কিছু শব্দাংশ( Suffix , Root, Preffix) যুক্ত হয়ে পুরো জেনেরিক নাম গঠিত হতে পারে , এই শব্দাংশ গুলো দিয়ে খুব সহজেই নির্ধারণ করা যায় যে ওষুধ টি কোন ফার্মাকোলোজিক গ্রুপের সদস্য , এবং কি কাজ করে , সেই সাথে ওষুধটির নাম ও সাধারন ধারনা সহজে মনে রাখা যায় । নিচের সারণীতে ফার্মাকোলোজিক সাফিক্স রুট , ও প্রিফিক্সের একটি তালিকা দেওয়া ।

prefix, root, suffix

(জেনেরিক নামের শুরুতে, মাঝে, শেষে যুক্ত থাকে )

Drug examples

( ঔষধের  উদাহরন )

Medicine category

( কি ধরনের বা কি হিসেবে ব্যবহার করা হয় )

-afilavanafil; sildenafil; tadalafil; vardenafilphosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor
-asonebetamethasone; dexamethasone; diflorasone; fluticasone; mometasonecorticosteroid
-bicindoxorubicin; epirubicin; idarubicin; valrubicinantineoplastic; cytotoxic agent
-bitalbutabarbital; butalbital; phenobarbital; secobarbitalbarbiturate (sedative)
-cainebupivacaine; lidocaine; mepivacaine; prilocaine; proparacainelocal anesthetic
cef-, ceph-cefaclor; cefdinir; cefixime; cefprozil; cephalexincephalosporin antibiotic
-cillinamoxicillin; ampicillin; dicloxacillin; nafcillin; oxacillinpenicillin antibiotic
cortclocortolone; fludrocortisone; hydrocortisonecorticosteroid
-cyclinedemeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracyclinetetracycline antibiotic
-dazolealbendazole; mebendazole; metronidazole; tinidazoleanthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial
-dipineamlodipine; felodipine; nifedipine; nimodipine; nisoldipinecalcium channel blocker
-dronatealendronate; etidronate; ibandronate; risedronatebisphosphonate; bone resorption inhibitor
-eprazoleesomeprazole; omeprazole; rabeprazoleproton pump inhibitor (PPI)
-fenacbromfenac; diclofenac; nepafenacNSAID
-floxacinbesifloxacin; ciprofloxacin; levofloxacin; moxifloxacin; ofloxacinquinolone antibiotic
-gliptinsaxagliptin; sitagliptin; linagliptinantidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme
-glitazonepioglitazone; rosiglitazone; troglitazoneantidiabetic; thiazolidinedione
-iraminebrompheniramine; chlorpheniramine; pheniramineantihistamine
-lamideacetazolamide; brinzolamide; dorzolamide; methazolamidecarbonic anhydrase inhibitor
-mabadalimumab; daclizumab; infliximab; omalizumab; trastuzumabmonoclonal antibody
-mustinecarmustine; estramustine; lomustine; bendamustinealkylating agent (antineoplastic)
-mycinazithromycin; clarithromycin; clindamycin; erythromycinantibiotic; antibacterial
-nacindarifenacin; solifenacinmuscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)
-nazolefluconazole; ketoconazole; miconazole; terconazole; tioconazoleantifungal
-ololatenolol; metoprolol; nadolol; pindolol; propranolol; timololbeta blocker
-olonefluocinolone; fluorometholone; prednisolone; triamcinolonecorticosteroid
-olonenandrolone; oxandrolone; oxymetholoneanabolic steroid
-onidebudesonide; ciclesonide; desonide; fluocinonide; halcinonidecorticosteroid
-oprazoledexlansoprazole; lansoprazole; pantoprazoleproton pump inhibitor (PPI)
parin; -parindalteparin; enoxaparin; fondaparinux; heparin; tinzaparinantithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)
-phyllineaminophylline; dyphylline; oxtriphylline; theophyllinexanthine derivative (bronchodilator)
-pramineclomipramine; desipramine; imipramine; trimipraminetricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
pred; pred-loteprednol; prednicarbate; prednisolone; prednisonecorticosteroid
-prilbenazepril; captopril; enalapril; lisinopril; moexipril; ramiprilACE inhibitor
-profenfenoprofen; flurbiprofen; ibuprofen; ketoprofenNSAID
-ridoneiloperidone; paliperidone; risperidoneatypical antipsychotic
-sartancandesartan; irbesartan; losartan; olmesartan; valsartanangiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB
-semidefurosemide; torsemideloop diuretic (water pill)
-setronalosetron; dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetronserotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist
-setrondolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetronantiemetic and antinauseant
-statinatorvastatin; lovastatin; pitavastatin; pravastatin; rosuvastatin; simvastatinHMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins
sulfa-sulfacetamide; sulfadiazine; sulfamethoxazole; sulfasalazineantibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory
-tadinecyproheptadine; desloratadine; loratadine; olopatadineantihistamine
-tadineamantadine; rimantadineantiviral; anti-influenza-A
-terolalbuterol; arformoterol; formoterol; levalbuterol; salmeterolbeta agonist; bronchodilator
-thiazidechlorothiazide; hydrochlorothiazide; methyclothiazidethiazide diuretic (water pill)
-tinibcrizotinib; dasatinib; erlotinib; gefitinib; imatinibantineoplastic (kinase inhibitor)
-treldesogestrel; etonogestrel; levonorgestrel; norgestrelfemale hormone (progestin)
tretin-; tretin; -tretinacitretin; alitretinoin; isotretinoin; tretinoinretinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A
-triptanalmotriptan; eletriptan; rizatriptan; sumatriptan; zolmitriptanantimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist
-tylineamitriptyline; nortriptyline; protriptylinetricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
vir; -virabacavir; efavirenz; enfuvirtide; nevirapine; ritonavir; tenofovirantiviral; anti-HIV
vir; -viradefovir; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)antiviral; anti-hepatitis
-viracyclovir; famciclovir; penciclovir; valacyclovirantiviral; anti-herpes
-vircidofovir; ganciclovir; valganciclovirantiviral; anti-CMV
-viroseltamivir; zanamivirantiviral; anti-flu
-vudinelamivudine; stavudine; telbivudine; zidovudineantiviral; nucleoside analogues
-zepamclonazepam; diazepam; flurazepam; lorazepam; temazepambenzodiazepine
-zodonenefazodone, trazodone, vilazodoneantidepressant
-zolamalprazolam; estazolam; midazolam; triazolambenzodiazepine
-zosinalfuzosin; doxazosin; prazosin; terazosinalpha blocker

Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

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